By Nico Giersig
City students have get a hold of very assorted solutions to the query of what the most defining features of city Europe are and whether or not they may be defined in a special ideal-typical version, the 'European-city'. so that it will absolutely comprehend the present political preparations and ongoing variations in city Europe, they've got more and more grew to become in the direction of 'multilevel governance methods' to behavior extra complete and comparative analyses of city politics and rules.
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Additional info for Multilevel Urban Governance and the 'European City': Discussing Metropolitan Reforms in Stockholm and Helsinki
Clearly, it is one thing to detect and describe local changes and differences – it is quite another, though, to consider their sources and mainsprings (Sellers 2005: 424; Kohn 1989: 79; DiGaetano and Klemanski 1999: 13). In the attempt to understand this interplay of different contextual factors, it is therefore particularly demanding for urban scholars to make an appropriate tradeoff and thus find the right balance among three requirements that have to be taken into account: depth of analysis, theoretical and methodological clarity and contextual richness.
In this spirit, it no longer makes sense to analyze cities as clearly confined places of political action, social integration or entrepreneurship. Instead, they are to be conceived as mere nodal points in an entwined global web of communication, information and trade. In the ‘information age’, cities are turning into diffuse, amorphous metropolises (or sometimes megalopolises), where social relationships have become less and less tied to the precondition of physical proximity (for an overview see Bagnasco and Le Galès 2000; Le Galès 2002: 23-4).
Closely related to these tendencies of functionalism and conceptualizing cities as largely dependent variables, another characteristic which is shared by political economy and human ecology approaches should be mentioned: Despite the fact that Park and colleagues mostly lived, taught and did research in Chicago during the 1920, these scholars clearly had the ambition to establish an urban theory which is – at least in principle – applicable to every city in the world. In other words: it was their intention to set up an urban theory of universal validity.
Multilevel Urban Governance and the 'European City': Discussing Metropolitan Reforms in Stockholm and Helsinki by Nico Giersig