By Peter Gold
Ceuta and Melilla are "enclaves" at the northern coast of Africa which have been Spanish for hundreds of years yet which are claimed by way of the dominion of Morocco. As an essential component of Spain the cities have additionally been a part of the territory of the ecu Union in view that 1986. Their specified state of affairs has created significant rigidity within the dating (both political and financial) among Spain and Morocco. in addition to this dating, the ebook explains how the anomalous state of affairs of the enclaves impinges on concerns similar to immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa into the european, protection, exchange and the Spanish political scene normally.
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Extra info for Europe or Africa?: A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla
Exactly what Solana said on the question is not clear, but the Moroccan Prime Minister claimed in an interview given on 12 August that he had got the impression that Spain’s position on the enclaves had changed, and that there was the possibility of opening a dialogue with Spain on their future at the next Spanish–Moroccan ‘high-level meeting’ to be held under the 1991 agreement. The Moroccan campaign took on a new impetus on 16 September when the Prime Minister told the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Moroccan Parliament that the Government would use all the diplomatic means at its disposal to protest at Spain’s failure to respond to its claims to the enclaves, in particular to the proposal to set up a ‘committee of experts’, and to discuss their future.
Hernando de Larramendi, 1992, p. 161, suggests that Morocco has always been more enthusiastic about the idea than Spain, which has been more concerned to improve communication links with the rest of Europe. Spain may also have reservations about the immigration implications of a fixed transport link with Africa. 17 Gillespie, 2000, p. 54, suggests that, although the Spanish Government’s strategy ‘was not one of appeasing Rabat at any price in order to avoid conflict over Ceuta and Melilla’, one reason why improved relations were sought was certainly ‘to pre-empt anticipated Moroccan territorial pressures’.
In reality there was little substance to either conclusion regarding recognition or transfer, but what the Treaty did signify was that both countries were determined not to allow the dispute to interfere with cooperation between them on a wide front. 19 Much to Spain’s frustration, Morocco suspended negotiations on the next four-year fishing agreement as a consequence, with the existing agreement (affecting some 700 Spanish boats, 95 per cent of the total) due to expire at the end of February. Spain spoke up in European circles on Morocco’s behalf, with the Spanish Foreign Minister calling for a relationship between Brussels and Rabat which could ultimately lead to the creation of a free trade zone for the whole of the Maghreb.
Europe or Africa?: A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla by Peter Gold