By H.P. Kainz
"Dialectic" is a fulcrum observe. Aristotle attacked this trust, asserting that the dialectic used to be in simple terms compatible for a few function- to investigate into men's ideals, to reach at truths approximately everlasting varieties of issues, referred to as principles, which have been mounted and un altering and constituted truth for Plato. Aristotle stated there's additionally the tactic of technological know-how, or "physical" procedure, which observes actual evidence and arrives at truths approximately components, which suffer switch. This duality ofform and substance and the medical approach to arriving at evidence approximately elements have been primary to Aristotle's philosophy. hence the dethronement of dialectic from what Socrates and Plato held it to be used to be ab solutely crucial for Aristotle, and "dialectic" was once and nonetheless is a fulcrum be aware . . . i believe it was once Coleridge who acknowledged everyone seems to be both a Plato nist or an Aristotelian . . . Plato is the fundamental Buddha-seeker who looks time and again in each one new release, relocating on ward and upward towards the "one. " Aristotle is the everlasting motorbike mechanic who prefers the "many. " R.
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Additional resources for Ethica Dialectica: A Study of Ethical Oppositions
CRANSTON: I don't think we have to determine at this point what the origin or cause of a "temperamental disposition" might be. It may be caused wholly or largely by external factors, as you maintain. However, I might just mention that, according to Sheldon, this expectation of people that personality is determined from without rather than from within, would itself be a "non-cerebrotonic" characteristic. TuRNER: So - modern psychologists are not generally cerebrotonics. I'm sure they would experience difficulty in comprehending Alienation2!
The "greatest happiness of the greatest number" is in a way a means for facilitating the individual pursuit of happiness. When a sufficient number of individuals are engaged in pursuing their own personal happiness, they find, often unfortunately by trial and error, that they have to raise their sights to encompass the happiness of the majority, just to secure and foster their own happiness. Now if you went and asked each individual whether he was seeking the communal happiness as an end-in-itself or as a means to some further good, most would probably answer honestly that it was sought as a means to personal fulfillment, if they reflected on the matter and their own motives sufficiently.
CRANSTON: And yet, while admitting that that prevailing morality is "objective," you would still argue with the majority that the standards you yourself support ought to prevail? That doesn't sound self-consistent to me. TURNER: In arguing in this vein I would simply be trying to persuade them that my view would be more satisfying ifit became objective. We obviously have different views about what "objective" means. CRANSTON: Yes. You're simply talking about what would be the "objective" morality for this or that particular society.
Ethica Dialectica: A Study of Ethical Oppositions by H.P. Kainz