By Valerie C. Scanlon PhD, Tina Sanders Medical Illustrator
Major the best way for almost 25 years with unsurpassed readability, content material, and completeness.
Make anatomy and body structure enjoyable and simple to review. via six variants, this best-selling textual content has led the best way with precisely what you must construct an organization starting place during this must-know subject.
A student-friendly writing variety, impressive paintings application, a wealth of studying possibilities in each bankruptcy, and on-line actions instill self assurance each step of how. It’s the appropriate creation to the area of anatomy.
The seventh variation supplies much more of what nursing and allied wellbeing and fitness scholars in various disciplines have to meet the demanding situations of overall healthiness care this day. And, it’s ready-made for a number of studying types.
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Extra info for Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology (7 edition)
A good example is childbirth, in which the sequence of events, simply stated, is as follows: Stretching of the uterine cervix stimulates secretion of the hormone oxytocin by the posterior pituitary gland. Oxytocin stimulates contraction of the uterine muscle, which causes more stretching of the cervix as the baby is pushed through, which stimulates the secretion of more oxytocin and, hence, more contractions. The mechanism stops with the delivery of the baby and the placenta. This is the “brake,” the interrupting event.
The terminology presented in this chapter will be used throughout the text in the discussion of the organ systems. This will help to reinforce the meanings of these terms and will transform these new words into knowledge. BODY PARTS AND AREAS Each of the terms listed in Table 1–2 and shown in Fig. 1–4 refers to a specific part or area of the body. For example, the term femoral always refers to the thigh, and brachial always refers to the upper arm. The femoral | DESCRIPTIVE TERMS FOR BODY PARTS AND AREAS TERM DEFINITION (REFERS TO) TERM DEFINITION (REFERS TO) Antebrachial forearm Gluteal buttocks Antecubital front of elbow Hepatic liver Axillary armpit Iliac hip Brachial upper arm Inguinal groin Buccal (oral) mouth Lumbar small of back Cardiac heart Mammary breast Cervical neck Nasal nose Cranial head Occipital back of head Cutaneous skin Orbital eye Deltoid shoulder Parietal crown of head Femoral thigh Patellar kneecap Frontal forehead Pectoral chest Gastric stomach Pedal foot Continued 3957_Ch01_002-025 06/10/14 10:25 AM Page 14 14 Organization and General Plan of the Body Table 1–2 | DESCRIPTIVE TERMS FOR BODY PARTS AND AREAS—cont’d TERM DEFINITION (REFERS TO) TERM DEFINITION (REFERS TO) Perineal pelvic floor Scapular shoulder blade Plantar sole of foot Sternal breastbone Popliteal back of knee Temporal side of head Pulmonary lungs Umbilical navel Renal kidney Volar (palmar) palm Sacral base of spine Body Parts and Areas Anatomic position Cranial Frontal Orbital Nasal Buccal Parietal Temporal Occipital Cervical Sternal Deltoid Pectoral Axillary Mammary Scapular Brachial Antecubital Antebrachial Umbilical Lumbar Iliac Sacral Inguinal Volar Femoral Perineal Patellar Pedal A Gluteal Popliteal Plantar B Figure 1–4 Body parts and areas.
Arterial blood normally has a high concentration of oxygen and a low concentration of carbon dioxide. These levels are maintained by gas exchange in the lungs and by the proper circulation of blood. A pulmonary disease such as pneumonia interferes with efficient gas exchange in the lungs. As a result, blood oxygen concentration may decrease, and blood carbon dioxide concentration may increase. Either of these changes in blood gases may become life threatening for the patient, so monitoring of blood gases is important.
Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology (7 edition) by Valerie C. Scanlon PhD, Tina Sanders Medical Illustrator