By B. v. Maydell, K. Borchardt, K.-D. Henke, R. Leitner, R. Muffels, M. Quante, P.-L. Rauhala, G. Verschraegen, M. Żukowski (auth.), Friederike Wütscher (eds.)
‘Enabling Social Europe’ examines how the paradigm of the ‘enabling welfare nation’ may perhaps provide a brand new viewpoint for ecu social coverage within the a long time to come back. The ‘enabling’ notion is perceived as going past that of mere ‘activation’, therefore additionally embracing regulations geared toward expanding own autonomy, person accountability and social inclusion by means of endowing people with the assets and features had to deal with and stability their lifestyles classes in a greater way.
The research is unusual through a different collaboration of social and fiscal coverage specialists coming from quite a lot of disciplines: economics, legislations, sociology, political technology, and philosophy. The authors search to shed new mild on no matter if eu social coverage should play a task sooner or later and, if that is so, what kind of function which may be. They convincingly argue that regardless of an implicit normative consensus at the ‘European social model’, there's nonetheless room for a multifaceted global within which welfare regimes can preserve their very own path-dependent methods of accomplishing a good and simply society with a excessive point of welfare for all.
The empirical a part of the e-book comprises an appraisal of regulations and reforms with the intention to the ‘enabling welfare kingdom’ procedure in 4 very important coverage components: overall healthiness care, old-age protection, family members coverage, and poverty prevention. inside of every one area, the authors evaluate the regulations and practices of 2 international locations because of diversified regime kinds: Germany and the uk, Poland and Germany, Finland and Estonia, and Belgium and Denmark.
This publication is extremely recommendable not just for students and policymakers lively during this box, but in addition for college kids of welfare and labour economics, sociology, social coverage, political technological know-how and legislation.
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Additional resources for Enabling Social Policy
For this reason, poverty reduction and employment targets, adequate minimum protection standards for the unemployed, and minimum wages for those in work should be determined and coordinated at European level, taking into account the member states’ specific national and regional distinctions. At EU level, the most important instruments for coordinating and guiding national social policies towards an enabling welfare society include: a greater degree of acknowledgement by the competent Community institutions, the closer integration and streamlining of policy areas, the structuring of competence and interaction across the various levels of governance, and the application of the OMC in the social domain.
Even so, old-age security systems will probably remain more nationally oriented than other areas of social policy, at least in the near future. The more old-age provisioning is covered by private insurance schemes, however, the greater the influence of Community competition law and the common market. In the area of family policy, the conclusions drawn from the pertinent comparison seem more clear-cut. In Finland, family policy is definitely more advanced in the direction of the enabling paradigm and, hence, may serve as Executive Summary XXXVII a model for policy learning.
Letztendlich trägt der Wohlfahrtsstaat auch zur Bildung und Stärkung der Nationalstaaten und ihrer Abgrenzung nach außen bei, denn nationale Solidarität wird dadurch institutionalisiert, dass die Regeln und Bedingungen für die Inanspruchnahme neuer sozialer Rechte definiert und an die Staatsangehörigkeit gebunden werden. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wandelt sich die Sozialpolitik von einer Arbeiterpolitik zu einer allgemeinen Umverteilungspolitik. Die Expansion der Wohlfahrtssysteme im Nachkriegseuropa lässt sich hauptsächlich auf vier Faktoren zurückführen: erstens die schrittweise Ausdehnung der Absicherung durch wohlfahrtsstaatliche Leistungen und Zuwendungen auf die gesamte Bevölkerung, zweitens die Erweiterung der Einkommenssicherung gegen Risiken über den gesamten Lebenslauf, drittens das Wachstum der Institutionen der sozialen Sicherung und ihre zunehmende Bedeutung – zusammen mit anderen öffentlichen Einrichtungen – als Arbeitgeber, und viertens die Verkürzung der Lebensarbeitszeit.
Enabling Social Policy by B. v. Maydell, K. Borchardt, K.-D. Henke, R. Leitner, R. Muffels, M. Quante, P.-L. Rauhala, G. Verschraegen, M. Żukowski (auth.), Friederike Wütscher (eds.)