By United Nations
This ebook is the results of the analyses and discussions carried out by means of the strength protection discussion board at the international dimensions of rising power defense dangers dealing with UNECE member States. It offers worldwide power protection hazards from 3 varied issues of view: the ecu Union, the Russian Federation and from North the United States. It additionally examines how the Caspian Sea area can give a contribution to strength offer diversification. It experiences the strength shipping corridors, new infrastructure, transmissions platforms and funding requisites had to accomplish this.
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Additional resources for Emerging Global Energy Security Risks (Ece Energy)
While diversification of fuel sources, producers and transit routes is seen as the primary way of enhancing security of supply, the European Commission’s Energy Green Paper (SEC (2006) 3 17/2) prioritizes the completion of the internal energy market, highlighting the need for market information and transparency and calling for effective unbundling and consistency of regulatory frameworks, as well as for a coherent strategy to engage with producing and transit countries outside the EU. The European Commission believes that the EU can achieve collective influence in foreign policy that individual states cannot.
In Latin America this issue is country dependent, but the recent history of poor investment results has discouraged all but the most committed private-sector players. Strong state-owned companies sometimes fill the void left by reluctant private-sector investors. In Russia, the shift back toward statisrn has favoured oil and gas state-own companies. Control over gas pipelines and exports to the European Union is only one example of the strong role that the Russian Government is playing. In the Middle East, state control of oil and gas resources prevails; however, the region is opening up to private investors in the power sector.
Perceptions are influenced by a country’s geographical position (the Baltic States, the Republic of Poland and Finland’s proximity to the Russian Federation), a flourishing economy (Ireland, the Republic of Austria), the state’s power to make energy choices (France), the importance of the oil sector (the Republic of Italy) or the gas sector (the Kingdom of Spain) in overall energy consumption, as well as progress in measures to liberalize the energy market (the United Kingdom, Germany or Benelux).
Emerging Global Energy Security Risks (Ece Energy) by United Nations