By Oleg S. Pianykh
This is often the second one variation of a really well known e-book on DICOM that introduces this complicated common from a really useful viewpoint. it really is aimed toward a wide viewers of radiologists, medical directors, info technologists, clinical scholars, and academics. The ebook offers a gentle, all the way down to earth advent to DICOM, observed by way of an research of the commonest difficulties linked to its implementation. in comparison with the 1st version, many advancements and additions were made, in line with suggestions from readers. even if you're operating a teleradiology undertaking or writing DICOM software program, this e-book provides you with transparent and invaluable tips. it's going to organize you for any DICOM initiatives or challenge fixing, and help you in taking complete benefit of multifaceted DICOM performance.
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Extra resources for Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM): A Practical Introduction and Survival Guide (2nd Edition)
If you ask me why DICOM needs the AS type, I do not really know. Out of the more than 2000 current standard DICOM attributes, only one (Patient’s Age) uses it. However, the much more popular Patient’s Birth Date attribute (with DA type) is definitely enough to find out the patient’s age – and this is what all PACS rely on. 5 Numbers in Text Format: IS, DS IS and DS data types store numerical values (integers and floating point) as text strings. Although less appropriate for computer storage compared to binary, textformatted numbers are used in DICOM quite frequently.
Thus, (ignoring the “0x” prefix) 0x007F in hexadecimal represents: 0 × 163 + 0 × 162 + 7 × 161 + F × 160 = 7 × 16 + 15 × 1 = 127 in decimal. Many current calculators (including the one in Windows) offer binary-decimal-hexadecimal conversion functions, and would have A–F keys for typing the hexadecimal numbers. In a decimal system, where we have 10 digits, 2-digit numbers can take 102 = 100 possible values: from 00, 01, 02, and so on to 99. Similarly, in hexadecimal, with 16 possible digits (0–9 and A–F), 2-digit hexadecimal numbers range from 0x00 to 0xFF, covering 162 = 256 possible values.
1, DICOM always records data sizes along with data values – this is how DICOM knows where each data element starts and ends. 2. ” If you are in DICOM development, make sure that your product is DICOM-compliant enough to format all VR data with correct sizes, and is smart enough to understand improperly sized VRs when they come from another DICOM application. Another reason for DICOM software developers to watch the VR lengths is related to the binary (numerical) VRs. Just like in the case of Big Endian and Little Endian, different computer systems use different sizes for the basic numerical data types (integers, floating point numbers, and such).
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM): A Practical Introduction and Survival Guide (2nd Edition) by Oleg S. Pianykh