By E. Yarnold S.J.
Cyril used to be bishop in Jerusalem from c350-351 advert until eventually 386 advert. His writings are an immense resource for the background of early Christian doctrine. This publication offers complete English translations, with explanatory statement, of his most crucial works. The creation covers Cyril's existence; his old and archaeological context; his theology; and modern doctrine and perform. it will be crucial studying for college kids and students of patristics, and people learning the historical past of the early Church and past due antiquity.
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Extra resources for Cyril of Jerusalem (Early Church Fathers)
You can see nothing there but gold and jewels and silk. The hangings you see are of gold-embroidered silk; the curtains you see too are of gold-embroidered silk. The sacred vessels of every kind brought out that day are gold and jewelled. And how could one calculate or describe the number or weight of the candles, the candelabra, the lamps and the various sacred vessels? (Pereg. 8) The feast was celebrated for eight days. On the fourth day the celebrations were held in the Eleona instead of the Martyrium, on the fifth at the 44 LITURGY Lazarium, dedicated to Lazarus at Bethany, on the sixth at Sion, on the seventh in the Anastasis, and on the eighth at the Martyrium again.
The same terms occur in both groups to express the contrast between the type and the reality: both speak of the reality as noetos, pneumatikos, mustikos, as opposed to what is soma/ somatikos or phainomenos. 27 (ii) Both sets of sermons express a theory of the double effect which sacraments produce, namely on the body and the soul. In the Catecheses Cyril applies this analysis to the waters of baptism: For since a human being is twofold, being a composite of soul and body, the purification also is twofold: incorporeal for the incorporeal, and bodily for the body.
15 The MS attributions are not decisive against Cyril. More than three centuries before any extant MS of the Catecheses, we have seen Eustratius quoting a passage from the Mystagogics and attributing it to Cyril; seven MSS of an Armenian florilegium quote the same passage together with the Cyrilline attribution. 16 Moreover the fact that the Catecheses seem to have been better known in antiquity than the Mystagogics may be due to the different circumstances in which the two sets of sermons were written down.
Cyril of Jerusalem (Early Church Fathers) by E. Yarnold S.J.