By Zygmunt Frajzyngier
The amount contains papers ready for the overseas Symposium of Chadic Linguistics (Boulder, Colorado, could 1-2, 1987). even supposing the papers are consultant of the present paintings being performed within the box of Chadic linguistics, in addition they replicate the present and previous pursuits and methodologies of basic linguistics. The papers integrated within the quantity may still as a result be of curiosity to a common linguist up to to the Chadicist or a consultant in another Afroasiatic department. The papers are grouped through the components of linguistic fields and methodologies. Papers on syntax are by means of papers on morphology, phonology, and technique of old reconstruction.
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The quantity contains papers ready for the overseas Symposium of Chadic Linguistics (Boulder, Colorado, may perhaps 1-2, 1987). even if the papers are consultant of the present paintings being performed within the box of Chadic linguistics, additionally they mirror the present and earlier pursuits and methodologies of normal linguistics.
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Extra info for Current Progress in Chadic Linguistics: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Chadic Linguistics, Boulder, Colorado, 1-2 May 1987
Thus a transitive verb must assign Case. Consequently, an adverb may not occur between V and its object NP because V governor will not be able to assign Case; an ADV cannot be assigned Case. Thus it is the fact that the Case-assigner is prevented from assigning Case rather than the fact that the NP is not Case-assigned that constitutes the ungrammaticality of constructions like those in (30) and (31). This would also explain why an NP does not constitute a barrier between a V and another argument, since that NP could be Case-assigned.
Now, if we compare (4) to (5) and (6), we observe in the latters a subject-verb inversion effect, yielding an ASP-S-V-O order. Furthermore, note that the form of the ANAC MARQUIS 58 POT and CONT markers is different from the one used in declarative sentences. The chart in (7) summarizes the interaction among the type of construction, the form of the aspect marker and the word order derived. SVO Note finally that whereas the verb has the nomino-verbal form in (2) and (3), that is not the case in (5) and (6).
Ka kai masa shii/ita Sun karanta mana shii 'Take it to him' 'They read it to me' In the imperfective aspect where the verbal element of the sentence is a verbal noun, the object of the verb, if a pronoun, is genitive. What might, because of the English translation, be regarded as a verb-direct object construction, is actually a noun plus noun/pronoun possessive construction (Kraft 1973). (7) a. b. c. Ina sonta Yana yinsa Suna bina 'I like her' 'He does it' 'They follow me' When an indirect object is expressed (with or without an overt direct object), the finite form of the verb rather than the verbal noun is used.
Current Progress in Chadic Linguistics: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Chadic Linguistics, Boulder, Colorado, 1-2 May 1987 by Zygmunt Frajzyngier