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Read e-book online Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry - From Ancient Alchemy to PDF

By Bernard Jaffe

This e-book is a vintage within the box of renowned technological know-how. typical studying because the Nineteen Thirties, it really is one of many few historeis of chemistry to pay attention to the lives of the good chemists. via those dramatic and human tales, it supplies an authoritative and interesting account of the good discoveries and advances during this clinical box. After many printings in 3 prior variations, this publication has been newly revised through the writer for this fourth edition.
Beginning with Trevisan and his lifelong look for the "philosopher's stone," the writer narrates the lives and discoveries of such towering figures as Paracelsus and his chemical remedy of affliction; Priestley searching for phlogiston and discovering oxygen and carbon dioxide, Lavoisier making a new language of chemistry; Dalton and his Atomic concept; Avogadro and the belief of molecules, Mendeleeff arranging the desk of parts lower than his Periodic legislation; the Curies keeping apart radium; Thomson studying the electron; Moseley and his legislations of Atomic Numbers; Lawrence and the development of the cyclotron; and extra. the most dramatic bankruptcy within the e-book, the account of the improvement of nuclear fission, ends the tale of chemistry at its such a lot enormous success. a last bankruptcy discusses many of the results of nuclear fission, the invention of nuclear fusion, and the new paintings with subatomic particles.
Bernard Jaffe is the writer of many different technology books and several other technology textbooks. Upon the unique e-book of this ebook, Mr. Jaffe got the Francis Bacon Award for the Humanizing of data. the yankee Chemical Society's heritage of Chemistry department commemorated him in 1973 with its Dexter Award for "distinguished fulfillment within the historical past of chemistry."

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Extra info for Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry - From Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission

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Giovanni Beccaria, an Italian, had passed some electric sparks through water, and had noticed a gas issuing from the water. But he missed discovering a great truth. Cavendish, the acute, saw something significant behind this ingenious experiment. He read on. The year which marked the beginning of the American Revolution witnessed an experiment by an Englishman, John Warltire. This natural who helped Priestley in the discovery was trying to determine whether heat had weight a closed three-pint copper flask, weighing about a mixed some common air and hydrogen, and set fire ture by means of an electric spark.

Some part of the fame -which is Priestley's was due to the public brewery which adjoined his home here in Leeds. In this smelly factory he busied himself in his spare moments, experimenting with the gas which bubbles off in the huge vats during the process of beer-making. He lighted chips of wood and brought them near these bubbles of colorless gas as they burst over the fermenting beer. It was a queer business for a minister, and the factory hands shook their heads as they watched him bending over the bubbling cisterns that hot midsummer.

This same Cavendish was later murdered for revenge, because his son was accused of slaying Wat Tyler, leader of an insur- INdish to the exalted office of Lord Chief Justice of the rection. Two centuries later the name of Cavendish was again by the noted freebooter Thomas Cavendish, the second Englishman to circumnavigate the globe. On October 10, 1731, at Nice, a son was born to Lady Anne Cavendish, who had gone to France in search of health. This Cavendish was not destined to wield power in public life, as his parents had hoped.

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Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry - From Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission by Bernard Jaffe

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