By Janis S. Bohan
Psychology's method of sexual orientation has lengthy had its beginning in essentialism, which undergirds mental concept and learn in addition to medical perform and functions of psychology to public coverage concerns. it is just lately that psychology as a self-discipline has all started to entertain social constructivism instead strategy. in line with the idea that considerate discussion can engender confident swap, Conversations approximately Psychology and Sexual Orientation explores the consequences for psychology of either essentialist and social constructionist understandings of sexual orientation. The booklet opens with an creation providing simple theoretical frameworks, through 3 program sections facing medical perform, examine and thought, and public coverage. In each one, the dialogue takes the shape of a talk, because the authors first reflect on essentialist and constructionist ways to the subject to hand. those concepts, in flip, are by means of responses from unusual students selected for his or her services in a specific region. by way of offering an array of reviews and considerate responses to subject matters surrounding psychology's methods to sexual orientation, this worthwhile research sheds new mild at the contrasting perspectives held within the box and the ways that essentialist and constructionist understandings might be utilized to precise practices and regulations.
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Additional resources for Conversations about Psychology and Sexual Orientation
We do not wish to argue here whether or not this is indeed the case. A great deal of literature indicates that most people do not experience sexual orientation as a matter of choice; a smaller but compelling body of work demonstrates that some people do experience it precisely that way. Rather than resolve this question, we wish to point out that this argument reflects and perpetuates an element of internalized homophobia. The question we must ask is this: why would it be a problem for sexual orientation to 28 janis s.
She lost her sense of belonging; the community lost an unusually capable organizer and an important voice for youth. Politics and Public Policy The quandary we are exploring here is also apparent in areas of politics and public policy. In recent years, political and policy efforts emanating from the LGB community and its allies have relied on essentialist renderings of sexual orientation (although this has not always been the case, as we see in chapter 8). Psychology’s essentialist position has contributed to this stand, very often undergirding successful efforts at protecting LGB rights.
Deviation from gender norms implies one is gay or lesbian only if none but gays and lesbians engage in gender bending. 26 janis s. bohan and glenda m. russell Still, a constructionist approach brings dilemmas of its own. One can argue that calling into questions the categories of sexual orientation devalues the often painful process of coming to a bisexual, gay, or lesbian identity. Further, such deconstruction of categories makes room for considering sexual orientation identity in more fluid terms.
Conversations about Psychology and Sexual Orientation by Janis S. Bohan