By Robert David Johnson
This booklet demanding situations the preferred and scholarly snapshot of a vulnerable chilly warfare Congress, within which the unbalanced courting among the legislative and govt branches culminated within the escalation of the U.S. dedication in Vietnam, paving the best way for the passage of the struggle Powers Act in 1973. It inspires a extra versatile notion of the congressional position in overseas coverage, excited by 3 points of legislative strength: using spending measures; the inner workings of a Congress more and more ruled by way of subcommittees; and the power of person legislators to impact overseas affairs by way of altering the best way that policymakers and the general public examine overseas questions.
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Assistance undesirable. 94 But if such an amendment insulated the bill from criticism, the Michigan senator had no problem with supporting it – and neither did the administration. The lack of a UN role particularly disturbed the administration’s leftwing critics. ”97 After the committee reported the bill, the Florida senator 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 Bourke Hickenlooper to Rollo Bergeson, 24 March 1947, Box 138, Bourke Hickenlooper Papers, Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, West Branch, Iowa. Justus Doenecke, Not to the Swift: The Old Isolationists in the Cold War Era (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1979), p.
In the Senate, Gurney barely fended off a parliamentary challenge to refer the bill to the Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments (later the Government Operations Committee). 63 The House Armed Services Committee could not even survive a comparable parliamentary challenge, and the bill went to Hoffman’s Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments. This procedural setback 60 61 62 63 Hogan, Cross of Iron, pp. 24–44. Hogan, Cross of Iron, p. 60. S. Senate, Armed Services Committee, Hearings, National Defense Establishment, 80th Congress, 1st session, pp.
Truman and the Origins of the National Security State (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998), p. 256. S. House of Representatives, Un-American Activities Committee, Hearings, Regarding the Communist Infiltration of the Motion Picture Industry, 80th Congress, 1st session, pp. 283– 284 (24 Oct. 1947). 53 Meanwhile, in a more direct attack on the administration’s foreign policy, HUAC freshman Richard Nixon (R-California) leveled spectacular and ultimately convincing allegations that Alger Hiss, a former State Department and UN operative, was a Communist spy.
Congress and the Cold War by Robert David Johnson