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Download e-book for iPad: Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics by Anne Myers Kelley

By Anne Myers Kelley

ISBN-10: 0470946709

ISBN-13: 9780470946701

An creation to at least one of the elemental instruments in chemical research—spectroscopy and photophysics in condensed-phase and prolonged systems

A good deal of contemporary learn in chemistry and fabrics technology includes the interplay of radiation with condensed-phase structures akin to molecules in beverages and solids in addition to molecules in additional advanced media, molecular aggregates, metals, semiconductors, and composites. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics was once constructed to fill the necessity for a textbook that introduces the fundamentals of conventional molecular spectroscopy with a robust emphasis on condensed-phase structures. It additionally examines optical tactics in prolonged structures equivalent to metals, semiconductors, and engaging in polymers, and addresses the original optical homes of nanoscale systems.

Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics starts off with an advent to quantum mechanics that units a fantastic origin for knowing the text's next issues, including:

  • Electromagnetic radiation and radiation-matter interactions
  • Molecular vibrations and infrared spectroscopy
  • Electronic spectroscopy
  • Photophysical strategies and light-weight scattering
  • Nonlinear and pump-probe spectroscopies
  • Electron move processes

Each bankruptcy comprises difficulties starting from uncomplicated to complicated, allowing readers to steadily construct their talents and problem-solving skills. Written for upper-level undergraduate and graduate classes in actual and fabrics chemistry, this article is uniquely designed to equip readers to resolve a wide array of present difficulties and demanding situations in chemistry.

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Additional info for Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics

Sample text

Now since there is no interference among modes, the intensity of the output is very stable even on the shortest time scales, and the frequency of the laser is very well defined. In a mode-locked laser, some group of modes around a central wavevector are allowed to lase, and a timedependent loss is introduced into the cavity. The result is that the phases of the different modes develop a well-defined relationship such that at any point in space, they all add up constructively (in phase) at certain times, producing a pulse in the intensity envelope.

This actually turns out to be a more general statement of the Pauli exclusion principle: Wave functions must be antisymmetric under the exchange of any two fermions. A legal wavefunction for a two-electron atom or molecule (unnormalized) is thus given by Ψ(1, 2) = ψ (1)α(1)ψ (2)β(2) − ψ (2)α(2)ψ (1)β(1) = ψ (1)ψ (2){α(1)β(2) − β(1)α(2)}. 51) In the example with only two electrons, it is easy to just write down a wavefunction that has the proper behavior of changing its sign when the two electrons are interchanged.

There’s only one problem with this wavefunction: it implies that electron 1 and electron 2 are distinguishable by having different spins. But in fact, they are not; they are the same kind of particle and occupy the same region of space, and they hold no “labels” to tell them apart. None of the physically observable properties associated with the wavefunction can be changed by simply changing the labels of the electrons. This requirement can be satisfied by constructing wavefunctions that are either symmetric or antisymmetric combinations of the previous function with the labels reversed, that is, Ψ±(1,2) = ψ(1)α(1)ψ(2)β(2) ± ψ(2)α(2)ψ(1)β(1).

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Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics by Anne Myers Kelley


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