By Robert T. Grauer
For classes in Cobol Programming. This variation is designed to meet your whole COBOL wishes - on a number of structures. The textbook covers all easy COBOL components, with extra chapters at the yr 2000 challenge, established programming and layout, debugging, subprograms, desk processing, sorting, display I/O, sequential dossier upkeep, listed records, and object-oriented COBOL. The 3rd variation teaches programming because it is practiced within the actual global, with programming tips that transcend the syntactical ideas of COBOL, that make courses more straightforward to keep up and run extra successfully.
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Extra info for COBOL: From Micro to Mainframe
2 The text of a compilation is divided into lines. In general, the representation for an end of line is implementation defined. However, a sequence of one or more format_effectors other than character tabulation (HT) signifies at least one end of line. 3 In some cases an explicit separator is required to separate adjacent lexical elements. A separator is any of a space character, a format effector, or the end of a line, as follows: 4 • A space character is a separator except within a comment, a string_literal, or a character_literal.
If it has an initialization expression, then it is called a full constant declaration. Otherwise it is called a deferred constant declaration. 4. The rules for full constant declarations are given in this subclause. 7 Any declaration that includes a defining_identifier_list with more than one defining_identifier is equivalent to a series of declarations each containing one defining_identifier from the list, with the rest of the text of the declaration copied for each declaration in the series, in the same order as the list.
The entity's name is defined by the declaration, usually by a defining_identifier, but sometimes by a defining_character_literal or defining_operator_symbol. 1 There are several forms of declaration. A basic_declaration is a form of declaration defined as follows. 2 Syntax basic_declaration ::= type_declaration | object_declaration | subprogram_declaration | package_declaration | exception_declaration | generic_instantiation | subtype_declaration | number_declaration | abstract_subprogram_declaration | renaming_declaration | generic_declaration defining_identifier ::= identifier 3 4 Static Semantics A declaration is a language construct that associates a name with (a view of) an entity.
COBOL: From Micro to Mainframe by Robert T. Grauer