By András Róna-Tas
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The amount contains papers ready for the overseas Symposium of Chadic Linguistics (Boulder, Colorado, may possibly 1-2, 1987). even supposing the papers are consultant of the present paintings being performed within the box of Chadic linguistics, in addition they mirror the present and earlier pursuits and methodologies of normal linguistics.
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Additional info for Chuvash Studies
7). As Nuyts points out (Nuyts 2001: 37), there is a link between mirativity and intersubjectivity since what is shared is not new. What we want to examine is the extent to which the rhetorical exploitation of adverbs to suggest a common outlook affects their meaning. In conclusion, Nuyts distinguishes between epistemic modality and (inter)subjectivity. (Inter)subjectivity has to do with the state of the evidence in the interaction and represents an evidential dimension within the semantic area of epistemic modality.
Conclusion The categories of epistemic modality, evidentiality and mirativity are clearly closely related. As pointed out by DeLancey (2001: 380), they all three mark various types of deviations from an “ideal knowledge status”. This ideal status is a proposition which is known to the speaker “by direct experience, is assumed to be certainly true, and is fully consistent with the rest of the speaker’s knowledge of the world”. Such a proposition is realized in an unmarked declarative in English, a bare statement.
Nuyts (2001: 352) explicitly compares Traugott’s notion of subjectification with his notion of subjectivity. He concludes that the two notions are very different and that his own is much narrower than Traugott’s but not incompatible. Traugott’s notion, Nuyts points out, when “translated” in terms of functional grammar models, refers to “climbing up the ladder” of the layered system in the hierarchical representation of the clause. Epistemic evaluations have a different scope from say manner adverbs in that they have “nothing to do with the internal situation of the state of affairs” (Nuyts 2001: 398).
Chuvash Studies by András Róna-Tas