By Markku Ruotsila
This ebook examines the intertwined dynamics of Churchill's anticommunist and geopolitical idea. It seems on the ways that he tried to exploit Finland as either software and best friend within the anticommunist initiatives of the 20 th century. Finland seemed a staunch best friend in Churchill's habitual efforts to damage or negate overseas communism, however the broader matters of geopolitics and nice energy international relations complex what could have been an easy job of teaming up with like-minded Finns. The ensuing tensions are explored and defined during this learn of comparative anticommunism in response to Churchill's inner most papers and on extra British, Finnish and American files.
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Extra info for Churchill and Finland: A Study in Anticommunism and Geopolitics
Churchill agreed entirely. 12 Cromie’s murder and the Red Terror as a whole showed to Churchill’s satisfaction how communism operated in the country that it had seized in 1917. However, even more important for the development of his anticommunism was Churchill’s assessment of the ways in which the communists acted outside the borders of Russia. The revolt of the Reds in Helsinki, Finland, in January 1918 was one of the first attempted Bolshevik-style coups that took place outside Russian borders, and Churchill paid close attention to what happened there.
78 Once the Russian invasion of Poland was underway in April 1920, Churchill suddenly noticed that he was almost the only one in the British leadership who argued for an aggressive anticommunist policy. 79 This attempt was doomed to failure. No one embraced it. Defeat after defeat had shattered Churchill’s credibility and contributed to the final triumph of the anti-interventionist camp in Britain and elsewhere. After the Russo-Polish War, Finland and the other Border States did continue to search for some military alliance.
21 In addition, all the newly created states of northeastern Europe—Finland, Poland and the Baltic States—were interested in anti-Bolshevik operations and could field considerable contingents of soldiers, as could other longer-established Border States, including Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. 22 Churchill hoped to use all these troops. If they were directed to anticommunist operations, Churchill thought that the existing Allied intervention forces could successfully cooperate with local ‘Whites’ and with the Border States and together destroy Bolshevism.
Churchill and Finland: A Study in Anticommunism and Geopolitics by Markku Ruotsila