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Get Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989 PDF

By Marian Mazgaj

ISBN-10: 0786459042

ISBN-13: 9780786459049

This article explores the character of Polish Catholicism within the first half the 20th century and the adjustments it underwent less than the guidelines of Soviet Communism. Of specific notice are the legislation and guidelines that have been hired through the country on the way to damage faith often, and Catholicism particularly. The textual content additionally explores the best way that the powerful culture of Polish tradition ready the population to be uniquely proof against makes an attempt to damage its Christian non secular lifestyles. it really is eventually, a narrative of the triumph of the folk over the kingdom.

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Additional resources for Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989

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Article 70. (1) The Polish People’s Republic guarantees freedom of conscience and religion to its citizens. The Church and other religious bodes may freely exercise their religious functions. It is forbidden to prevent its citizens by coercion from taking part in religious activities or rites. (2) The Church is separated from the State. The principles of the rela- 44 CHURCH AND STATE IN COMMUNIST POLAND tionship between Church and State, as well as legal position and property status of religious bodies, shall be determined by laws.

50 The Government did not indicate any willingness to observe the Agreement. 51 On the occasion of the second anniversary of the promulgation of the Agreement, the Primate of Poland, Archbishop Stefan Wyszynski, made a favorable statement, which was published in Tygodnik Powszechny, the Cracow diocesan weekly, on April 27, 1952. ”52 More that one year later, the Episcopate of Poland completely lost its confidence in the Government’s promises and lost hope for observance of the Agreement by the State.

The number of priests was reduced from two thousand in 1939 to about one thousand in 1941, and churches were being closed. The law enforcing segregation of Polish and German nationalities was passed and any violation of this law was punishable by death. These measures often deprived the faithful of the last sacraments. Thus, in such a situation, the Holy See could nor possibly remain inactive for a long time. The Holy See protected its faithful against all these measures and persecution, especially against segregation; however, very little was gained.

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Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989 by Marian Mazgaj


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