By John McManners
This is often the 1st of 2 volumes in McManner's magesterial reconstruction of the advanced hierarchical international of the Gallican Church destroyed by way of the French Revolution. It describes the diocesan and parochial constitution of the Church, portraying the clergy and their way of life from the palaces of the aristocratic bishops to the humblest nunnery, and, in a large number of snap shots, examining their motivations and experience of vocation. In an in depth fresco he offers the faith of the folk, no matter if centering within the parish church or in confaternities, and the observances of folks faith outdoors it.
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Additional info for Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramification (Oxford History of the Christian Church)
As with the monarch, so with the institutions which, under him, regulated society. When the law THE CORONATION 17 courts reassembled after the vacation, proceedings began with a mass, the messe rouge of the parlement of Paris, so called because the lawyers wore their scarlet and ermine. ’40 The terms and examinations of the universities, the commemorative days of individual faculties, municipal elections, the opening of a new building or bridge, the laying of the keel of a warship, the blessing of the colours of a regiment—the whole ofﬁcial life of the country was marked by religious observances.
6 The comtesse de Marsan, sister of the prince de Soubise, persuaded Louis XV to promise the reversion of the ofﬁce to her cousin, Prince Louis de Rohan, coadjutor of Strasbourg, and when Louis XVI ascended the throne, persuaded him to renew his grandfather's promise. Marie Antoinette hated Louis de Rohan (believing him to have written to Mme du Barry ridiculing her mother, the empress); she insisted that the king change his mind. When Cardinal de la Roche-Aymon, the grand aumônier, ﬁnally died, there was a tremendous confrontation between the king and the comtesse de Marsan; she won, Rohan receiving the ofﬁce, though on condition that he would resign after two years if he still was not wanted.
60 22 CHURCH AND STATE The parlements formulated a version of liberty, but this idea was not their monopoly. After the coronation of Louis XVI, a journalist described the popular anger at the omission of the question to the people asking if they accepted Louis as their king. ’61 Le Sacre royal, ou les droits de la nation française reconnus et conﬁrmés par cette cérémonie (1775) pointed to the announcement which the bishops had omitted from the ritual as conﬁrmation of the idea that the monarchy was founded on a social contract; other pamphleteers followed, taking the same line.
Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramification (Oxford History of the Christian Church) by John McManners