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Download e-book for iPad: Church and Society in Catholic Europe of the Eighteenth by William J. Callahan, David Higgs

By William J. Callahan, David Higgs

ISBN-10: 0521090776

ISBN-13: 9780521090773

ISBN-10: 0521224241

ISBN-13: 9780521224246

Of the nice ecu associations of the outdated Regime, the Catholic Church by myself survived into the trendy international. The Church that emerged from the interval of progressive upheaval, which all started in 1789, and from the lengthy means of financial and social transformation attribute of the 19th century, was once very assorted from the good baroque Church that constructed following the Counter-Reformation. those stories of the Church in France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germane, Austria, Hungary and Poland at the eve of an period of innovative swap examine the nonetheless intimate dating among faith and society in the conventional ecu social order of the eighteenth century. The essays emphasize social functionality instead of theological controversy, and look at matters comparable to the recruitment and function of the clergy, where of the Church in schooling and bad relief', the significance of renowned faith, and the evangelization of a principally illiterate inhabitants by means of the spiritual orders.

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Extra resources for Church and Society in Catholic Europe of the Eighteenth Century

Example text

Within the ecclesiastical establishment, the secular clergy numbered 70 840, the regular, 53 098 and the orders of women, 24 471. The geographical distribution of the religious population shows significant regional differences. The northern coast, Galicia, Asturias and Guipuzcoa, had the lowest proportion of clergy relative to population; clerics formed one per cent or less of the population. The proportion was slightly higher, up to one and a half per cent, in several of the provinces of Castile, Avila, Cuenca, Leon, Segovia, Guadalajara as well in the south-east, La Mancha, Valencia and Murcia.

Although there is little reliable evidence for estimating the size of the religious population early in the century, it appears to have remained stable between 1700 and 1800, with perhaps a slight decline at the century's close. Within the ecclesiastical establishment, the secular clergy numbered 70 840, the regular, 53 098 and the orders of women, 24 471. The geographical distribution of the religious population shows significant regional differences. The northern coast, Galicia, Asturias and Guipuzcoa, had the lowest proportion of clergy relative to population; clerics formed one per cent or less of the population.

1740 was becoming less charitable (another aspect of the laicization of society), but this seems a dubious assumption for it does not comment upon the voluntary charity distributed in the donor's lifetime. Parish priests were insistent that charitable resources were stretched to their utmost. Obviously they were insufficient, but given that about a third of France lived on the fringes of destitution whilst something between an eighth and afifthhad crossed into the twilight world of the destitute, no system of relief, voluntary or compulsory, national or parochial, could have stretched to support everyone effectively.

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Church and Society in Catholic Europe of the Eighteenth Century by William J. Callahan, David Higgs


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