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Download e-book for iPad: Catholicism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Gerald O'Collins

By Gerald O'Collins

Regardless of an extended historical past of exterior threats and inner strife, the Roman Catholic Church and the wider phenomenon of Catholicism stay an unlimited and precious presence into the 3rd millennium of worldwide background. What are the origins of the Catholic Church? How has Catholicism replaced and tailored to such immense and numerous cultural impacts over the centuries? What nice demanding situations does the Catholic Church now face within the twenty-first century, either inside of its personal lifestyles and in its relation to others worldwide? during this Very brief advent, Gerald O'Collins attracts at the most sensible present scholarship to be had to respond to those questions and to provide, in transparent and available language, a clean advent to the most important and oldest establishment on the planet. O'Collins explains in actual fact and concisely the place the Catholic Church comes from, what it believes and practices, the sacraments and the Church's ethical instructing, and the place it truly is heading. The e-book additionally contains a timeline of occasions within the historical past of Catholicism and precious feedback for extra reading.

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"The booklet has a lot to commend it ... a concise and balanced background of a few of the executive figures in christology, from patristic, via medieval to trendy times."

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Extra resources for Catholicism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

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And as a hermit in the Syrian desert, Jerome (d. AD 420) learned Hebrew from a Jewish scholar, enabling him to produce what came to be called the Vulgate, the most widely used Latin translation of the Bible; he translated the Hebrew scriptures directly from the original texts. g. 1 Thess. 2: 14–16), and other texts and factors had encouraged anti-Jewish attitudes among Christians. With John Chrysostom (d. AD 407), archbishop of Constantinople, anti-Jewish polemics firmly set in. Through many centuries Catholics committed terrible crimes against Jews or remained guilty bystanders of such crimes.

She described in detail the liturgical ceremonies: not only the daily and Sunday offices but also the services for the Epiphany, Holy Week (including the procession of palms to the Mount of Olives, and the veneration of the cross), Easter, and Pentecost. Dante used the pilgrimage theme to open the Comedy (‘In the middle of our life’s road I found myself in a dark wood – the straight way ahead lost’); the spiritual transformation of the pilgrim takes him through hell and purgatory to heaven. Along with Jerusalem and Santiago de Compostela (with its tomb of St James the Apostle), both before and after 1300 Rome attracted pilgrims, especially during Jubilee Years.

Pope John XXIII is carried through St Peter’s Square at the opening of the Second Vatican Council (1962–5), the most significant event in 20th-century Catholic history 32 over the ‘Chinese rites’. In 1704, after a century of debate, Clement XI (pope 1700–21) was persuaded to condemn such adaptations as tainted by superstition. The Chinese emperors were outraged; during the 1720s, missionaries and then Christianity itself were banned in China. Eventually, 20th-century popes and the Second Vatican Council (1962–5) were to accept and even encourage adaptation to various cultures and a full role for the local clergy.

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Catholicism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Gerald O'Collins


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