By Steven M. Platek, Todd K. Shackelford
This publication is an advent to the rising box of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience, a department of neuroscience that mixes the disciplines of evolutionary psychology and cognitive neuroscience. It outlines the appliance of cognitive neuroscientific tools (e.g., useful magnetic resonance imaging, transcranial magnetic stimulation, magneto- and electroencephalography, and using neuropsychiatric and neurosurgical sufferers) to respond to empirical questions posed from an evolutionary meta-theoretical point of view. Chapters define the fundamentals of cognitive evolution and the way the tools of cognitive neuroscience could be hired to reply to questions about the presence of advanced cognitive variations. Written for graduate scholars and researchers, the publication provides the main issues of analysis undertaken through evolutionary cognitive neuroscientists - resembling language evolution, intelligence and face processing - and serves as a primer upon which to base extra examine within the self-discipline.
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Extra info for Cambridge Foundations In Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience
2005; Engle, 2002; Kane and Engle, 2002), but rather may be coevolved and complementary mechanisms (Geary, 2005). ” This does not mean that individuals necessarily have a conscious, explicit, and Machiavellian motivation to control other individuals. Rather, the “motivation to control” is a framework for conceptualizing the function of evolved traits and for integrating seemingly different traits. 3. , 1999). , insects vs. seeds encased in shells). These birds have no conscious motivation to control, but they have evolved such that their behavior and physical traits (beaks in this example) are focused on obtaining control of resources that have covaried with survival prospects during the species’ evolutionary history.
2001). Situations that trigger attentional shifts are, by this definition, novel or rapidly changing and thus are not easily coped with through evolved or learned strategies. The focusing of attention results in an explicit representation of this information in working memory, and simultaneous inhibition of irrelevant information (Cowan, 1995; Engle, Conway, Tuholski, and Shisler, 1995). Once represented in working memory and available to conscious awareness, the information is amenable to explicit, controlled problem solving, that is, the information can be mentally operated on to adjust pre-existing heuristics or generate new ones to cope with the novel or changing situation.
Characterizing Human Psychological Adaptations (pp. 4 22). West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Tinbergen, N. (1963). On aims and methods of ethology. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie, 20, 410 433. Tooby, J. and Cosmides, L. (1990). The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments. Ethology and Sociobiology, 11, 375 424. Tooby, J. and Cosmides, L. (1992). The psychological foundations of culture. In J. H. Barkow, L. Cosmides, and J. ), The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture (pp.
Cambridge Foundations In Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience by Steven M. Platek, Todd K. Shackelford