By Kyung Won Chung PhD, Harold M. Chung MD
Written within the renowned Board evaluation sequence define structure, this strong, easy-to-use source offers the necessities of human anatomy via concise descriptions, scientific correlations, radiographs, full-color illustrations, and tables. Over 550 board-style questions with whole solutions and motives, chapter-ending assessments, and an end-of-book accomplished examination assist you grasp key information.
- New high-yield stories on the finish of every bankruptcy supply distinctive training for USMLE Step 1 and anatomy direction examinations.
- An up-to-date full-color artwork application is helping you realize tough ideas and intricate anatomical structures.
- greater than 550 USMLE-style questions, solutions, and rationales can be found either electronically and in print to facilitate gross anatomy review.
- New radiographs, MRIs, CT scans, ultrasound scans, and angiograms assist you boost a greater figuring out of anatomy and medical medicine.
- medical correlations exhibit connections among anatomical wisdom and medical medicine.
- A 100-question complete examination on the finish of the publication offers an exceptional prep device for the particular exam.
- a brand new bankruptcy on cranial nerves offers info coated on USMLE Step 1 and anatomy direction examinations.
- (An interactive on-line query financial institution makes it effortless that you should create custom-made perform checks to gauge your understanding.)
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Extra info for BRS Gross Anatomy
Occipital Artery ■ Arises from the external carotid artery, runs deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and lies on the obliquus capitis superior and the semispinalis capitis. 8. Superficial muscles of the back, with particular attention to the shoulder region. indd # 153691 Cust: LWW30 Au: Chung Pg. No. 1 t a b l e 31 Superficial Muscles of the Back Muscle Origin Insertion Nerve Action Trapezius External occipital protuberance, superior nuchal line, ligamentum nuchae, and spines of C7–T12 Spine of scapula, acromion, and lateral third of clavicle Spinal accessory nerve; C3–C4 Adducts, rotates, elevates, and depresses scapula Levator scapulae Transverse processes of C1–C4 Medial border of scapula Dorsal scapular nerve (C5); C3–C4 Elevates scapula and rotates glenoid cavity Rhomboid minor Spines of C7–T1 Root of spine of scapula Dorsal scapular nerve (C5) Adducts scapula Rhomboid major Spines of T2–T5 Medial border of scapula Dorsal scapular nerve (C5) Adducts scapula Latissimus dorsi Spines of T7–T12, thoracodorsal fascia, iliac crest, and ribs 9–12 Floor of bicipital groove of humerus Thoracodorsal nerve Adducts, extends, and rotates arm medially; depresses scapula Serratus posterior superior Ligamentum nuchae, supraspinal ligament, and spines of C7–T3 Upper border of ribs 2–5 Intercostal nerve (T1–T4) Elevates ribs Serratus posterior inferior Supraspinous ligament and spines of T11–L2 Lower border of ribs 9–12 Intercostal nerve (T9–T12) Depresses ribs ■ ■ Pierces the trapezius, is accompanied by the greater occipital nerve (C2), and supplies the scalp in the occipital region.
ANS consists of cholinergic fibers (sympathetic preganglionic, parasympathetic pre- and postganglionic) and adrenergic fibers (sympathetic postganglionic) except those to sweat glands (cholinergic). Sympathetic nervous system functions in emergencies or catabolism (energy consumption), preparing for fight or flight, whereas the parasympathetic nerve functions in homeostasis or anabolism (energy conservation), tending to promote quiet and orderly processes of the body. Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by vascular choroid plexuses in the brain ventricles and found in the subarachnoid space.
DEEP TISSUES A. Deep or Intrinsic Muscles 1. Muscles of the Superficial Layer: Spinotransverse Group ■ Consist of the splenius capitis and the splenius cervicis. ■ ■ ■ Originate from the spinous processes and insert into the transverse processes (splenius cervicis) and on the mastoid process and the superior nuchal line (splenius capitis). Are innervated by the dorsal primary rami of the middle and lower cervical spinal nerves. Extend, rotate, and laterally flex the head and the neck. 2. Muscles of the Intermediate Layer: Sacrospinalis Group ■ Consist of the erector spinae (sacrospinalis), which is divided into three columns: iliocostalis ■ ■ ■ ■ (lateral column), longissimus (intermediate column), and spinalis (medial column).
BRS Gross Anatomy by Kyung Won Chung PhD, Harold M. Chung MD