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Download PDF by Eleanor H. Simpson, Peter D. Balsam: Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation

By Eleanor H. Simpson, Peter D. Balsam

ISBN-10: 331926933X

ISBN-13: 9783319269337

ISBN-10: 3319269356

ISBN-13: 9783319269351

This quantity covers the present prestige of analysis within the neurobiology of stimulated behaviors in people and different animals in fit . This comprises attention of the mental methods that force inspired habit and the anatomical, electrophysiological and neurochemical mechanisms which force those methods and keep an eye on behavioural output. the quantity additionally contains chapters on pathological disturbances in motivation together with apathy, or motivational deficit in addition to addictions, the pathological misdirection of inspired habit. As with the chapters on fit motivational tactics, the chapters on disorder offer a finished brand new overview of the neurobiological abnormalities that underlie motivation, as made up our minds through reports of sufferer populations in addition to animal types of sickness. The ebook closes with a bit on fresh advancements in remedies for motivational disorders.

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Then, some kind of experimental manipulation (say, nutritional or hormonal), is imposed. A short time later (too short a time for maturational changes), the same human or laboratory animal is presented with the same precisely defined stimulus and the expected behavioral response does occur. What explains the appearance of the response on this second trial? We can infer that the manipulation we applied (say, nutritional or hormonal) had a “motivational” effect. That is, as the intervening variable, the concept of motivation identifies the logically required cause of behavioral change (Pfaff 1982).

Stimuli reliably associated with consuming the customary food, such as odors, tastes, and mouth feel, therefore become bellwethers of food quality and quantity; such stimuli become distal controllers, and presumably motivators, of eating because when consistent associations with food and its caloric content occur, individuals can acquire the ability to use these distal cues to guide food-taking behavior. They are distal cues in the sense that while their presence has been reliably associated with energy content in the past, they do not inherently denote energy content themselves.

M. Magariños and D. Pfaff 1 Logic of Motivation How do we justify defining a specific behavior as “motivated”? Suppose a human or a laboratory animal, studied under well-controlled conditions, is presented with a precisely defined stimulus and no detectable response occurs. Then, some kind of experimental manipulation (say, nutritional or hormonal), is imposed. A short time later (too short a time for maturational changes), the same human or laboratory animal is presented with the same precisely defined stimulus and the expected behavioral response does occur.

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Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation by Eleanor H. Simpson, Peter D. Balsam

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