By Alexander Mikaberidze
The 400-plus entries in "Atrocities, Massacres, and struggle Crimes: An Encyclopedia" offer available and concise details at the tough topic of abject human violence devoted on all continents. The entries during this two-volume paintings describe atrocities, massacres, and battle crimes dedicated within the twentieth century, thereby documenting how humans have again and again confirmed their strength to devote bad acts of inhumanity even in particularly fresh occasions and in the smooth period. The encyclopedia covers international locations, treaties, and phrases; profiles people who were officially indicted for conflict crimes in addition to those that have dedicated mass atrocities and long gone unpunished; and addresses human rights violations, crimes opposed to humanity, and crimes opposed to peace.
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Extra info for Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, Volumes 1-2
Arana started at the age of 14 as a Panama hat maker and dealer, a trade that allowed him to journey all along the frontier of the Department of Loreto in northeastern Peru, just at the very moment when the Amazon rubber boom was gathering momentum. After a frustrated attempt to enlist during the war with Chile, Arana traveled | to Cajamarca (in the Andean highlands) to learn business administration and bookkeeping, skills that would become instrumental to his meteoric rise as the wealthiest (and most ruthless) rubber trader of South America in the subsequent two decades.
Anfal, Al- (1987–1988) This is a reference to the military campaign undertaken by Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and his BaÊathist regime against the Kurdish population in 1987ă1988. Embroiled in a prolonged conflict with Iran, the Iraqi government considered the Kurds as a major domestic threat and potential fifth column for Iran because of the Kurdish demands of autonomy in northern Iraq. In early spring 1987, Saddam Hussein named Ali Hassan al-Majid | as secretary-general of the administrative zone called the Northern Bureau, which controlled Iraqi Kurdistan.
The 1953 Education Act forced Africans out of mission schools (which tended to offer more liberal curriculum) and into state-run schools, where students were taught the significance of the ethnic differences separating the nonwhite communities. Other laws sought to limit contacts between the white and nonwhite communities by reserving employment for white workers and making provisions for separate public facilities for the different races. The implementation of apartheid led to a radicalization of the African National Congress (ANC), the main opposition movement in the country.
Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, Volumes 1-2 by Alexander Mikaberidze