By Thomas Mahnken, Joseph Maiolo, David Stevenson
This quantity offers the 1st entire historical past of the hands racing phenomenon in glossy overseas politics, drawing either on theoretical methods and at the newest old study. Written by way of a global crew of experts, it's divided into 4 sections: sooner than 1914; the inter-war years; the chilly battle; and extra-European and post-Cold battle palms races. Twelve case reviews research land and naval armaments prior to the 1st global warfare; air, land, and naval pageant throughout the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties; and nuclear in addition to traditional guns on the grounds that 1945. Armaments guidelines are positioned in the context of technological improvement, foreign politics and international relations, and social politics and economics. a longer normal creation and end and introductions to every part supply coherence among the really expert chapters and draw out wider implications for policymakers and for political scientists. Arms Races in overseas Politics addresses key questions: what reasons hands races and what's the relationship among fingers races and the outbreak of wars?
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Extra resources for Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century
Yet they could not survive just on domestic orders, and a further novelty was the private export of armaments, by modern standards surprisingly unregulated, which disseminated technological advances to flashpoints such as Latin America, the Balkans, and East Asia. As public opinion broadened in parallel, navy leagues and patriotic societies demanded higher spending and military readiness; whereas socialist and pacifist movements lobbied for arms control. Finally, armed forces themselves, like other aspects of the state machinery, became more bureaucratic and professionalized.
The National Archives, Kew, United Kingdom [hereafter TNA], ADM[iralty files] 116/3092. The Anglo-German Naval Race, 1898–1914 25 undoubtedly a desirable goal in its own right, one worth achieving irrespective of the identity of Britain’s main adversary; however, in focusing so clearly on one this particular outcome, Fisher would have been well aware, given Tirpitz’s decision not to make combat readiness a key objective, that reaching peak fighting efficiency would confer huge advantages over Germany.
The cause was further ‘plunging’. It soon transpired that, alongside its many other remarkable attributes, among the most notable was that Dreadnought was not the culmination, but only the very first step in a process of escalating qualitative improvements. 26 Thus Dreadnought herself, although weighing in at over 2,000 tons more than the Lord Nelson of the preceding year’s programme, a gain of nearly 13 per cent, was succeeded by the Bellerophon class, a group of three ships each of which was 476 tons heavier than the Dreadnought.
Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Mahnken, Joseph Maiolo, David Stevenson