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Get Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form PDF

By Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

ISBN-10: 1118305884

ISBN-13: 9781118305881

ISBN-10: 1444330012

ISBN-13: 9781444330014

The Evolution of Plant shape is an outstanding new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s hugely winning and good tested Annual Plant Reviews.

Written via known and revered researchers, this ebook gives you a accomplished consultant to the varied variety of medical views in land plant evolution, from morphological evolution to the reports of the mechanisms of evolutionary switch and the instruments with which they are often studied. This identify distinguishes itself from others in plant evolution via its synthesis of those rules, which then offers a framework for destiny reviews and intriguing new advancements in this

The first bankruptcy explores the origins of the key morphological concepts in land vegetation and the next chapters offer an exhilarating, intensive research of the morphological evolution
of land plant teams together with bryophytes, lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. the second one 1/2 the publication makes a speciality of evolutionary reports in land vegetation together with genomics,
adaptation, improvement and phenotypic plasticity. the ultimate bankruptcy presents a precis and standpoint for destiny stories within the evolution of plant form.

The Evolution of Plant shape offers crucial details for plant scientists and evolutionary biologists. All libraries and study institutions, the place organic and agricultural sciences are
studied and taught, will locate this crucial paintings an essential addition to their shelves.

Chapter 1 Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological options in Land vegetation (pages 1–50): James A. Doyle
Chapter 2 The Evolution of physique shape in Bryophytes (pages 51–89): Bernard Goffinet and William R. Buck
Chapter three The Morphology and improvement of Lycophytes (pages 91–114): Barbara A. Ambrose
Chapter four Evolutionary Morphology of Ferns (Monilophytes) (pages 115–140): Harald Schneider
Chapter five Gymnosperms (pages 141–161): Dennis Wm. Stevenson
Chapter 6 making a choice on Key beneficial properties within the beginning and Early Diversification of Angiosperms (pages 163–188): Paula J. Rudall
Chapter 7 Genomics, model, and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 189–225): Kristen Shepard
Chapter eight Comparative Evolutionary Genomics of Land vegetation (pages 227–275): Amy Litt
Chapter nine improvement and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 277–320): Barbara A. Ambrose and Cristina Ferrandiz
Chapter 10 improvement within the Wild: Phenotypic Plasticity (pages 321–355): Kathleen Donohue
Chapter eleven The Evolution of Plant shape: A precis point of view (pages 357–366): Michael Purugganan

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Additional resources for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form

Example text

Current phylogenies (Pryer et al. 1995) confirm the traditional view that the sporangium underwent a shift from longitudinal to transverse dehiscence within Filicales. This trend culminated in the famous snapping dehiscence of Polypodiaceae sensu lato, which contrary to older views form a clade. Another innovation within Filicales was reduction of the number of jacket cells in the antheridium, which may have occurred once or twice (Pryer et al. 1995). Heterospory evolved in water ferns (Marsileaceae and Salviniaceae), which were previously interpreted as two unrelated lines but now appear to form a clade.

8 Origin of angiosperms and their innovations Phylogenetic analyses show a marked contrast between strong evidence on relationships within angiosperms and great uncertainty on their closest relatives. Early morphological analyses appeared to narrow the list of outgroups to Gnetales, Bennettitales, and Pentoxylon, but some linked the resulting anthophyte clade with corystosperms, glossopterids, and Caytonia (Crane 1985; Doyle & Donoghue 1986), while others nested the clade in coniferophytes (Nixon et al.

2000; Chaw et al. 2000; Hajibabaei et al. , Rai et al. 2008). The latter result is implausible from a geological point of view, since Gnetales and angiosperms were the last major groups to appear in the fossil record. There is evidence that trees with Gnetales basal are a result of long branch attraction, where homoplastic changes on lines with large amounts of molecular evolution lead to incorrect inferences on relationships. Those data sets that give Gnetales-basal trees when analyzed Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological Innovations in Land Plants 23 with parsimony place Gnetales within conifers when analyzed with likelihood methods, which are thought to correct for long branch effects (Sander´ & Sanderson 2002; Soltis et al.

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Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

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