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Download e-book for iPad: Adapting to America: Catholics, Jesuits, and Higher by William P. Leahy

By William P. Leahy

Professor Leahy recounts the educational tensions among spiritual ideals and highbrow inquiry, and discover the social alterations that experience affected greater schooling and American Catholicism all through this century. He makes an attempt to provide an explanation for why the numerous development of Catholic schools and universities used to be now not consistently matched by way of concomitant educational esteem within the better international of yank better schooling.

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Extra resources for Adapting to America: Catholics, Jesuits, and Higher Education in the Twentieth Century

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But more important for Catholic ideology, it marked a significant adaptation to American social conditions. Gibbons and other prelates interpreted Catholic traditions and doctrine in terms of existing circumstances and did not allow old fears about the threat of Masonic-like groups and socialism to preclude support for workers. But the Catholic Church in the United States lacked similar leadership, principles, and unanimity concerning adjustment to the social, political, and intellectual environment of America.

In McCosh's words, "'Religion should burn in the hearts, and Page 18 shine . . from the faces of teachers. . '" 67 But by the 1870s, defenders of the status quo in academia found themselves under increasing attack from advocates of three competing academic philosophies. One coalition, composed of agricultural and industrial interests and people like Charles Eliot and Andrew White, campaigned for a utilitarian approach. They believed that education should prepare students for useful service and to meet contemporary needs, ideas culminating in the organization of land grant institutions and professional schools.

Reconciling these tensions and adapting Catholicism, especially Catholic higher education, to its circumstances in the United States remained an unfinished task. Besides the burdens imposed by being part of the heavily immigrant Catholic Church in Protestant America, Catholic colleges and universities faced challenges peculiar to education. In particular, they had to contend with the administrative and academic reforms reshaping the American educational scene after 1865. Widespread social, political, and ideological changes occurred in post-Civil War America and left their effects on education.

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Adapting to America: Catholics, Jesuits, and Higher Education in the Twentieth Century by William P. Leahy

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