By A. Rendle Short and C. I. Ham (Auth.)
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Additional info for A Synopsis of Physiology
Thus irritation of skin may cause vasodilatation in three ways : directly on vessels, by true reflex via spinal cord, or by axon reflex. —May be seen in web of frog's foot, dog's omentum, frog's tongue, human skin after oiling and with high illumination. THE CIRCULATION 42 Capillary Circulation, continued. Total capillary area varies exceedingly ; may be 800 times that of aorta. , frog's tongue when scratched ; invisible vessels may spring into sight. After injection of Indian ink, many more capillaries are visible in active muscle than in inactive.
Combination of the two factors. —Signifies the phenomena occurring when there is a lack of oxygen in the blood, probably partly due to increased C0 2 . Three stages seen :— 1. —Lasts i to 1 minute, (a) Increased rate and depth of respiration, leading to difficulty in breathing (dyspnoea) ; (b) Exaggerated movements of inspiratory muscles, soon replaced by exaggerated expiratory ones ; (c) Rise of bloodpressure, consequently heart beats quicker and more forcibly ; (d) Animal becomes blue and consciousness is lost ; (e) Pupils are equally contracted.
A) Urgent dyspnoea ; (b) Muscular prostration ; (c) Nausea and vomiting. These symptoms are more marked after muscular exertion. At greater heights, there is inability to move or speak ; then loss of consciousness, and death. May be imitated in laboratory by reducing oxygen breathed, or in carbon monoxide poisoning. —(a) Increased rate and depth of respiration, even at rest ; (b) Increased heart-rate, and slightly increased systolic blood-pressure ; (c) Gradual increase in number of red blood-corpuscles.
A Synopsis of Physiology by A. Rendle Short and C. I. Ham (Auth.)