By Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová
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Extra resources for A Functional Approach to Syntax In Generative Description of Language
In both cases the corresponding morph is chosen according to the seme of tense with which the given meaning is connected. This distribution of units contradicts our condition, and this contradiction can be avoided by interpolating a new level between the two existing ones (viz. the morphemic level in our example, with the lexical seme of the cited verb). In other words, the distinction between the morphs go and went is not relevant for the relationship of such units as the two meanings mentioned and both morphs can be regarded as mere variants of a single unit realizing those meanings.
It would be of great importance to check these argu ments as thoroughly as possible ; it is difficult to find out, for instance, whether the indefinitely long noun stems in Mohawk could be accounted for in some other way ; the English construction with respectively probably originated in technical usage (and even today it is confined to some stylistic strata only, and is not found in everyday colloquial speech), so that it need not be considered characteristic of the natural language as such ; these argu ments apply also to the properties of numerals mentioned sometimes in this connection.
2. 3 THE GENERATIVE COMPONENT The first component of our sequence of devices, in which the recursive proper ties of the system are concentrated, 22 should account for the phrase structure of a proposition as well as for its dependency structure. According to Chom sky ( 1 965, pp. 68ft'), the information concerning the dependency structure could be extracted directly from the rules (or P-markers) of a context-free phrase-structure grammar (and from a set of definitions that need not be in cluded in the description, since they form a part of the general linguistic theory) .
A Functional Approach to Syntax In Generative Description of Language by Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová